Cables are affected by the CPR when they are installed permanently (“installation cables”) inside buildings or underground in EU member states. The target of the CPR is to prolong the available evacuation time from buildings in case of fire and to set a standard throughout Europe. Along with other measures this will be ensured by using flame retardant, low-smoke and non-toxic cables.
Different flammability classes are recommended or sometimes prespecified by planners for buildings with different safety requirements. Buildings with low safety requirements are for example free-standing buildings with a height lower than 7 m or agricultural use buildings (recommended flammability class Eca). Schools, leisure parks or gyms are characterized with medium safety requirements (Dca). High safety requirements are typical for shopping malls, concert halls or skyscrapers (Cca). Hospitals, retirement homes or tunnels should be equipped with cables for very high safety requirements (B2ca).
Please also read our special topic for more information on the European Construction Products Regulation.